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Camelus Bactrianus, the bactrian camel

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Chapter Summary

The distribution of the Bactrian camel is very restricted on the subcontinent, and this is true for its representation in sculpture as well. Stone carvings with a camel are limited to the north, although this includes regions where Bactrian camels are not expected: Bangladesh and Madhya Pradesh. Contacts with the Himalayan regions and foothills on the other hand were frequent. Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh for example, was strategically situated at crossroads between major trade routes. The carvings of Bactrian camels are very realistic, except maybe for a relief from Bangladesh in which a woolly coat is missing. Bactrian camels generally figure in narrative reliefs as transport means.

Keywords: Bactrian Camel; Bangladesh; Camelus Bactrianus; divine vehicle; Madhya Pradesh; narrative reliefs; stone carvings



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