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Equus Caballus, the domestic horse

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Chapter Summary

The domestic horse is a slender-headed, gracefully built large ungulate with long legs and short ears. The size, body proportions and coat colour and pattern of domestic horses vary greatly among the many breeds. This chapter summarizes the most important Indian breeds or types of domestic horse. Reliefs depicting a horse are found in many contexts. The horses may be portrayed as the divine mount of gods, such as Revanta, god of hunting, as divine draught horses to drag the chariot of Surya, the sun god, as more humble draught horses, such as the ones that transported the relics of the Buddha, as royal mounts, including that of prince Siddhartha, the future Buddha, as war horses, as auspicious animals or as personal mount for a local hero. Generally speaking, these horse sculptures represent either small breeds or large breeds.

Keywords: domestic horse; Equus Caballus; large breeds; religion; small breeds; stone sculptures



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