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The Cave 4 war texts

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the Cave 4 manuscripts in more detail to see what they can contribute to our understanding of the M Material. It surveys them in chronological order as per their copy date. While manuscript date does not imply composition date, it is nevertheless part of the overall picture one needs to consider. The chronology is followed regardless of whether the texts are of the same or a different recension than M. The goal is to provide a quick abbreviated survey of each documents content, and outline in broad strokes its basic similarities to and divergences from M. Most important, however, is to differentiate what eschatological war traditions lie behind each document: the War against the Kittim of col. 1 or of cols. 1519, or the War of the Divisions of cols. 29, or possibly some other tradition not yet encountered in M.

Keywords: Cave 4 manuscripts; eschatological war; the War against the Kittim; the War of the Divisions; War Texts



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