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The Defense Of The Crown Of Aragon During The War Of The Two Pedros (1356–1366)

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the military, administrative, and psychological underpinning of the complicated structure of defense that emerged during the War of the Two Pedros, a bitter border conflict of the mid-fourteenth century between Castile and the Crown of Aragon. The ?art of war? practiced in the Iberian Peninusla, though honed initially against Spanish Islam, contained all the theoretical and practical elements of northern European battle fields of the high Middle Ages. The principal theaters of the war?on the Aragonese frontier opposite Cuenca and on the southern border of Valencia opposite Murcia?though far apart were strikingly similar in geography. Starting with his accession to the throne in 1336, Pere III found his borderlands to be hot spots of conflict and dissension. For most of the long conflict, Aragon?s monarch stood squarely on the defensive, attempting often unsuccessfully to turn back attacks by his far more offensive-minded opponent.

Keywords: Castile; Crown of Aragon; Middle Ages; Murcia; Pere III; Two Pedros; Valencia



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