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Family resources and educational stratification: The case of Hong Kong, 1981–2001

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Chapter Summary

Education plays an important role in modern societies, both as an avenue of social mobility and as a tool for social reproduction. This chapter investigates changes in educational stratification in Hong Kong from 1981 to 2001, a period when substantial socioeconomic and political transformations occurred. It first presents the historical background on economic development and educational expansion in Hong Kong in the past few decades and explains how the census/by-census data can be employed to analyze temporal trends in educational inequalities. The chapter then demonstrates how family socioeconomic background affects children's educational outcomes, highlighting some unique features of Hong Kong's educational stratification that have not been found elsewhere. Finally, it discusses the implications of the case of Hong Kong for international comparative studies of educational attainment.

Keywords: economic development; educational stratification; family socioeconomic background; Hong Kong; political transformations



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