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English-Kitan Glossary

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a list of English-Kitan glossary. There are about 200 words in the glossary appended to the Liaoshi, of which about a half are personal names and place names. Many of the rest are official titles. There are only about 40 basic words, such as nügu 'gold', taoli 'hare', niehe 'dog', husï 'strength' jau 'hundred', ordo 'palace'. About one fifth of these words are similar to Mongol. In Mongol and Manchu, the ten stems are expressed by the five colours, with modifications for the second of each pair. General opinion is tending towards regarding them as meaning the five colours. They come in two forms: with added dots for 'yellow' and 'white', with different suffixes (qu/qú, u/iú) for the others. It may reflect original usage, later blurred because the distinction, real in Chinese, was artificial in Kitan. The Kitan forms of these words are discussed in the chapter.

Keywords: Kitan Script; Liaoshi; Manchu; Mongol



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