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Morphology

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Chapter Summary

The quotation from Hong Mai indicates that Kitan had postpositions, or perhaps case endings, and that the verb was at the end of the sentence. This chapter looks at the evidence for nominal and verbal morphology in the Kitan texts. The question of the "dotted forms" is a vexed one. With the colours, there might be a correlation between the undotted form and the first of the pair of stems which corresponds to it and the dotted form with the second, but a clear pattern has not yet emerged. Dotted and undotted forms also appear with inanimate objects, strongly suggesting grammatical gender in Kitan. Finite verbs are found at the end of a sentence; converbs within the sentence, indicating 'after which', 'because of' and so on.

Keywords: Hong Mai; Kitan texts; verbs

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