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Restoration, Expansion, Decline, And Conquest: Second Bulgarian Tsardom, 1185–1396

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Chapter Summary

Besarion was the last Bulgarian patriarch who kept to the union with the Roman church established under Tsar Kaloyan in 1204. Patriarch Simeon is mentioned by name in the Synodikon of the Bulgarian church. He was the ranking church dignitary who in 1346 placed the imperial crown on the head of the Serbian King Stephen Dushan. In the final years of the twelfth century Tsar Kaloyan opened negotiations with the Roman Curiato obtain formal recognition of his status and independence for the Bulgarian Church. The prototype of the thirteenth-century Bulgarian versions of this genre of historical reflection masked as popular prophecies is most likely the Byzantine Greek text of the so-called Tiburtine Sibyl, dating from before the ninth century, see P. J. Alexander, The Oracle of Baalbeck.

Keywords: Bulgarian Tsardom; Patriarch Simeon; Tsar Kaloyan



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