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Pagan Period, Ca. 600–864 Migrations, Settlement, And Consolidation Of The State

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Chapter Summary

The seals are monograms and require untying. The inscriptions identify the owner with the father of Asparuch, the leader of the Bulgar migration south of the Danube in 680 and the traditional founder of the Danubian Bulgar state, and with the ruler named Kurt in the Name List of the Bulgar Khans. The ninth-century Byzantine annalists Theophanes, Patriarch Nicephoros, and John of Nikiu inform us that Kurt-Koubrat was most likely the Bulgar ruler who visited Constantinople in 619 and was baptized there, led a successful rebellion against the Avars ca. 635, and ruled over a short-lived Great Bulgaria, a tribal confederation dominated by the Bulgar tribe of Hunnugunduri around the Sea of Azov until the late 660s.

Keywords: Medieval Bulgaria; Pagan Period; seals; Stone Annals



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