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The status of Ḥumaynī poetry

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses about the poem humayni written by Ali b. Ibrahim al-Amir, who disseminated his political views through his poetry while in prison. This poem combines jidd and hazl and exemplifies the contemporary understanding of the opposition between the two. It casts aspersions on the addressee's home town, responds to an attack on the Friday mosque of al-Rawdah and describes the Friday mosque of Shibam in unflattering terms. The poem is a species of takhmis, alternating between two verses of classical poetry ( jidd) and four verses of humaynī poetry (hazl). This poem uses the pre-Islamic motif of the deserted traces of a campsite (atlāl) to ridicule the mosque. The contrast between the stately diction of the classical lines and the short lines of homely humaynī verse operates primarily on the level of linguistic heteroglossia.

Keywords: hazl; humani poetry; jidd; safīnah circle



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