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Minority Protection in the Era of Human Rights

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses how the doctrine of human rights incorporated a new UN minority regime for the promotion of cultural rights. At the initiative of the Soviet Union, the UN's Economic and Social Council that administered the UN's Commission on Human Rights established the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities (Sub-Commission) on 28 March 1947. Article II of the Genocide Convention classified four human groups for protection: national, ethnic, racial or religious. The Nazi genocide took Hitler's Germanisation and de-nationalisation campaigns to destroy other nation-states and sub-dominant national group cultures to their most grotesque extreme. The United Nations' Human Rights Committee authorized by the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) to monitor member-states' implementation of Covenant requirements, focuses on the guarantee to maintain and reproduce minority cultural identity enshrined in Article 27.

Keywords: Genocide Convention; human rights; ICCPR; minority protection



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