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Ambivalence to jews and judaism

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Chapter Summary

This chapter shows a development in Martin Dibeliuss depiction of Jews and Judaism, even though his basic theological position seems to have followed him throughout his active period. Dibelius characterises Jews and Judaism differently in the 1920s and during National Socialism. Describing Judaism after the Exile, he points to the role of the Law, but describes the destiny of the Jews in a way that is not unlike the Enlightenment research tradition: homeless, doomed to a rootless existence among other peoples, expelled from professional life, in religion cut off from the productive powers of primitive piety, etc. Dibelius holds that there is a continuity between Jewish prayer and the Lords Prayer, in 1925 saying that there is no strong antagonism between Jesus and Judaism; in 1926, however, he is able to state that Judaism and Christianity stand in absolute opposition, which shows that this opposition is not politically conditioned.

Keywords: Christianity; Jews; Judaism; Martin Dibelius; National Socialism



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