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Enlightenment religion and judaism

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Chapter Summary

F. D. E. Schleiermachers is the most conceptual and complete view of an unmediated Enlightenment religion, centred on a universal humanity and represented by Christ. Schleiermachers view of Judaismand of the Old Testamentis deeply rooted in his transcendental understanding of religion. Schleiermacher sees the Old Testament as a Jewish codex, a document of a foreign religion. Christianity is new and different from any other religion, but even if the content of the Old Testament has nothing to offer, Old Testament scholarship helps to create a background and an understanding of the outer factors that shaped Christianity. It is said that the theology of the eighteenth century may be understood as a theology post Schleiermacher, with Morgan and Barton stating that Schleiermachers reorientation provides the key to modern theology.

Keywords: Enlightenment religion; F. D. E. Schleiermacher; Jewish codex; Judaism; Old Testament



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