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Judaism in continuity and discontinuity with christianity

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Chapter Summary

Although Ferdinand Christian Baur was the founder of the modern Tübingen school, its beginning should perhaps be dated from the publication of Das Leben Jesu, written by Baurs 27-year-old student David Friedrich Strauss, in 1835. Strausss book caused not a debate but an earthquake, bold as it was in challenging fundamental Christian convictions. Reconstructing Jewish past, Strauss places Hebraism and postexilic Judaism in opposition to each other, but as a process of slow degeneration. Strausss aim in Das Leben Jesu is to show what a spiritualised Christianity is like. Strauss tells a similar narrative to Baur about the emergence of Christianity. Observing the tensions in early Christianity, he contends that the dualism originated in that of Palestinian and Alexandrian Judaism, although it did not lead to any further development. Despite his positive description of Mosaic ethics, Strauss approvingly quotes Baurs description of Judaism as a double Judaism.

Keywords: Christianity; David Friedrich Strauss; Ferdinand Christian Baur; Judaism

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