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Chapter Summary

Running parallel with Enlightenment-oriented theology and exegesis was a confessional current that in some ways related differently to Jews and Judaism. This current was well represented in academia, exerting great influence on scholars and contemporary church life. In the nineteenth century, it was also widespread within the influential aristocracy, where Pietist revival had gained a strong hold. Among these perfumed Pietists, there was a special interest in the Jews. In this tradition, the Jews encountered something entirely different from what they had met in Enlightenment theology. It is sometimes suggested that there is generally a philo-Semitism in Pietist circles, due to the place that Jews are given in salvation history. However, apart from the problematic nature of the concept of philo-Semitism as such, the fact that Jews of a heroic, biblical history are given a prominent place does not guarantee a positive attitude to contemporary Jews.

Keywords: contemporary Jews; Enlightenment theology; philo-Semitism; Pietist movement; salvation history



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