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The Integration Of Nation-State And Secession (Approx. 1947–1990s)

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Chapter Summary

The creation of Pakistan, originally the fifth largest Muslim state in the world and one of the most populous, was the highlight of a policy of colonial ethnification. West Pakistan attracted the bulk of the Muslim intelligentsia and capital. The vast majority of the migrants (muhajirs) from independent India made up one fifth of the West Pakistani population. Maududi was one of the first to call for an Islamic constitution. His political vision and idea were articulated in his writings and put into practice by the Jamaʿat -e Islami. In 1958 the situation worsened when the conflicts caused by various promises, on the occasion of the first free elections, were utilised by the military for a coup d’état led by the military commander Ayub Khan (1907-1974).

Keywords: Ayub Khan; Jamaʿat -e Islami; Maududi; muhajirs; Muslim state; Pakistan



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