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From The Pulpit To The Parade Ground (Approx. 1970–2002)

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Chapter Summary

The Jamaʿat -Islami gradually became political ammunition in the hands of authoritarian regimes precisely because of its reformist ambitions which it only felt to be realised in a strong - Islamic - state as the embodiment of alternative modernity. The Islamisation policy in Pakistan since Zia al-Haqq generated a new phase of institutionalisation in religious schools through, among others, their conditional recognition by the University Grants Commission. The promised Islamisation and plans to improve the literacy rate have not translated into jobs for them; on the contrary, the lack of proper measures comprises a potential source of internal conflict. Given that after the mysterious death of Zia al-Haqq in 1988, the democratically elected government of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) under the leadership of the daughter of former prime minister Zulfi qar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto, mistrusted the active participation of regional forces and especially the participation of the advancing religious dignitaries.

Keywords: Islamisation; Jamaʿat -Islami; Pakistan; Pakistan People's Party (PPP); Zia al-Haqq; Zulfi qar Ali Bhutto

10.1163/ej.9789004168596.i-520.116
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