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Muslim Space And Divines (Approx. 1000–1300s)

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Chapter Summary

While the first wave of Muslim invasions in South Asia came from Arab homelands, their subsequent thrust into South Asia originated from Central Asians established in what is now Afghanistan. The Persianisation of Islam had started fairly early with the Abbasids who were supported by the Islamised Persian Khurasanians and the Shiʿite Dihqan aristocracy that was responsible for local administration and the collection of tributes. Baghdad was established to be the Persian counterpoint to the Arabic Damascus. The Delhi Sultanate was a strictly hierarchically organised Turkish military system with a Persian bureaucracy and culture. Just like the Arab masr and ribat, the semantics of qasbah had a colonising - opening ( fath) and controlling - connotation, as indicated by al-Baladhuri. Al-Hujwiri wrote before organised Sufism and mystical orders had evolved, two of them initially becoming most prominent in this part of the world: the Chishtiyya and the Suhrawardiyya.

Keywords: Baghdad; Chishtiyya; Delhi Sultanate; Islam; Muslim; Persianisation; qasbah; South Asia; Sufism; Suhrawardiyya



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