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Regional States, National Markets And European Expansion (Approx. 1700–1800)

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Chapter Summary

Towards the end of sixteenth century the various fiefdoms" and land grants became a central economic basis of Muslim communities in qasbahs. In the South, five Maratha states became nearly sovereign after 1720. Similarly, in 1724, in Deccan, Nizam al-Mulk Asaf Jah, the chief minister of the Mughal Empire, declared the wealthy state of Haydarabad to be his personal dominion. In sharp contrast, national markets provided space for new states whose borders increasingly defined the dominions of territorial power. In the South, Europeans expanded by establishing enclaves at Pulicat, Madras and Pondicherry which provided refuge to thousands fleeing from political instability and war in the region. The trading companies integrated national markets into the colonial economy, depriving them of their economic independence. The global economic situation had made possible the establishment of territorial states through the evolution of national markets.

Keywords: colonial economy; Europeans; Madras; Maratha states; Mughal Empire; national markets; qasbahs



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