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Cultural Encounter, Reciprocities, And Muslim Responses (Approx. 1750–1870)

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Chapter Summary

The socio-economic and political developments following the decline of the Mughal Empire and the beginning of European colonial power had a profound impact on both the colonialised culture and the colonialiser. The British rule of law and order in India had to be Indian, both Muslim as well as Hindu, as conceived by the British. By the end of the century, the British were the sole European power in India. British officials felt heavily inclined towards Indian/Muslim reformist scholars and Sufis. Whether the protagonists of the Muhammadan Path" and Mujahidin acted under the protection of the British, to weaken the stubborn Sikhs, is not yet clear. Reformers of the Tariqah-ye Muhammadi used the emerging printing press and disseminated their ideas of pure Islam in local languages such as Bengali and Urdu, as Marc Gaborieau has elaborated in detail.

Keywords: British; European; Hindu; India; Islam; Marc Gaborieau; Muhammadan Path; Muslim; Tariqah-ye Muhammadi



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