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Institutionalisation Of Muslim Communities And The Quest For A New Islamicity (Approx. 1860–1900)

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Chapter Summary

The self-understanding of new social formations were to some extent influenced by European interaction, both in urban centres and in the qasbahs, as well as in other semi-urban regions, where their base had been built on a long cultural and intellectual tradition. The Arabised Ahl-e Hadith refused to acknowledge any authority of legal schools (madhahib) and also the emerging modernism which had started rallying behind Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-1899). Both movements, the Ahl-e Hadith and the Deobandis, attempted to legitimise the new social realities within the framework of Islamic worldviews more or less by addressing the traditional" sector rather than the colonial, though there was societal overlapping. As the Aligarh movement was not able to integrate the intellectuals, leaving out mystics and ulama, other Muslim forces began to form an alternative loyal interest group.

Keywords: Ahl-e Hadith; Aligarh movement; Deobandis; Islam; Muslim forces; qasbahs; Sayyid Ahmad Khan



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