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Historical Overview

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Chapter Summary

The establishment of Japan's military rule in the Netherlands East Indies was the outcome of a long process of social change in colonial Southeast Asia. The rise of Japan as an industrial powerhouse had a great impact on the global economy and led to major shift s in international trade and finance, especially in the Asian region. This chapter gives a comparative and multi-faceted view of Indonesia in the Pacific War. It deals with the 'road to war' and military aspects, give a broad overview of the Japanese period in Indonesia, and critically examine its aftermath. The Japanese attack on the US Navy base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 signaled, in the eyes of the West, the beginning of the Pacific War, which cost the lives of millions of civilians and servicemen.

Keywords: Indonesia; Japan's military rule; Netherlands East Indies; Pacific War; Pearl Harbor; Southeast Asia



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