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Chapter Summary

This chapter demonstrates that the Japanese military administration in Java, Sumatra, and the Great East differed greatly. There were two main reasons: first, different circumstances prevailed in different places; second, Tokyo authorities showed no clear overarching policy guidelines. The chapter discusses the dynamics, changes and complexities of the regional as well as the local governments in Sumatra during the Japanese military administration. The fall of Batavia, the political and administrative centre of the Netherlands East Indies, signaled the collapse of Dutch colonial rule. Pre-invasion arrangements in Tokyo had decided upon the partitioning of the Japanese Military Administration between Army and Navy. Bali was a launching pad for the Japanese invasion of Java, so the initial take-over of Bali by the Imperial Forces was carried out under the Army High Command.

Keywords: Balinese people; Japanese military; Javanese society; Netherlands East Indies; Sumatran government; Tokyo authorities



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