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Occupation: Coercion And Control

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with some of the more controversial aspects of Japanese military rule in Indonesia, and focuses on themes that have come to symbolize the brutality of the Japanese regime. It discusses the civilian internment camps and prisoner of war (POW) camps, and relevant publications have gained vast reading audiences. In general, the chapter shows Japanese policies of coercion and control led to violent acts towards (perceived) resistance movements, women, laborers, civilian internees and POWs, and sometimes unreasonable killings. To control and police Indonesian society the Japanese army police and naval police built upon the existing colonial police networks and intelligence services, which consisted mostly of Indonesian personnel. The guardhouse (gardu in Indonesian) of the night watch became a symbol of Indonesian community in the real space of the city and rural areas.

Keywords: coercion; control; guardhouse; Indonesian community; Japanese military rule; prisoner of war (POW)



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