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Occupation: Society And Social Change

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the aspects of social change from a variety of angles and includes studies of societal groups (women, Christians, Eurasians, Chinese, Arabs) that have thus far hardly entered mainstream debate. In Indonesia the Japanese began to set up women's organizations of various kinds soon after the occupation began, but it was not until November 1943 that they officially inaugurated the Fujinkai in the city of Jakarta. The chapter describes the strategies with which the Japanese engaged Muslims to ensure Indonesian collaboration in their war effort, and the reactions of Indonesian Muslims to these Japanese policies. The Japanese administration of Indonesia took religion as an important issue in order to win the sympathy of the population. Christianity was seen as the religion introduced and most often directed by the Dutch oppressor.

Keywords: Chinese; Christians; Eurasians; Indonesia; Jakarta; Japan



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