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Occupation: Culture

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines intellectual life and the media in occupied Indonesia - its contours, impacts, contradictions, and legacies - through the lens of the Java Propaganda Corps. The filmmakers in the Propaganda Corps accompanying the landing of the 16th Army troops on the Merak coast were culture film (kulturfilm) director Ishimoto Tokichi of the film production camera, which had sound recording functions, and the Debrie automatic developing machine. In early 1943, Sutan Takdir Alisyahbana wrote a series of essays which were published in Pembangoen, entitled "Kalau Kesoesastraan Indonesia hendak soeboer . . ". In 1938 Indonesian nationalist painters founded the first Indonesian association of painters, Persatuan Ahli Gambar Indonesia (PERSAGI). Months before the Dutch surrendered Jaap Erkelens and Iris Heidebrink in March 1942 the Japanese radio daily broadcast Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia), written and composed by musician and journalist Rudolf Wage Supratman.

Keywords: Indonesia Raya ; intellectual life; Java Propaganda Corps; Pembangoen; Persatuan Ahli Gambar Indonesia (PERSAGI)



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