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The EU Acting as a Coastal State

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Chapter Summary

The territorial sea is part of territory of the coastal State, and can extend up to 12 nautical miles from the coast. The traditional rule states that foreign ships may navigate in other States' territorial seas, as long as their passage "is not prejudicial to the peace, security, or good order" of the coastal State. The jurisdiction of States to adopt national discharge standards in the territorial sea is recognised in theory and practice. The EU's coastal State policy with respect to merchant ships falls short of representing a ?European maritime zone', where a unified set of standards and enforcement policies applies to fall ships once they enter the area within Member States' jurisdiction. The EU coastal State policy on maritime safety is accurately characterised as a growing set of prescriptive standards covering increasingly wide sea areas, which are to be enforced by the Member States to the appropriate extent.

Keywords: coastal State; European; maritime safety; territorial seas

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