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Chapter Summary

This is the conclusion chapter of the book, which explores Ephphata, a charismatic movement, as an instance of religious innovation and resistance in the recent history of African Catholicism. It contributes to the study of religious movements in Africa with a focus on the paradoxes of localization in a postcolonial context. Two main factors have determined the routinization of charisma in Ephphata: the growth of the movement and concerns about its future. The book argues that religious innovations such as Ephphata are especially welcomed by those African Catholics who although attracted to Pentecostal elements are eager to keep their Catholic identity. The extensive study of ritual performances and therapeutic strategies in Ephphata has shown how they are firmly rooted in the mainstream Pentecostal dualist cosmology. It portrays Hebga not only as postcolonial religious practitioner but also as a postcolonial scholar torn between Westernization and africanization.

Keywords: Africanization; Catholicism; Ephphata; Meinrad Hebga; Pentecostal; religious movements; therapeutic strategies



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