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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines the military cadres, represented principally by the citadel guards and other units residing in the city. The at least partial assimilation of military cadres to local society renders problematic the boundaries drawn between civil society and the state. The chapter studies the elements of civil society such as residential neighborhoods and guilds points to the resilience and adaptability of these organizations to the material demands of war making and intermixing with military cadres. It shows through the accounts of selected soldiers and guildsmen that individuals and their associated households charted their own careers and retained much historical agency. Individual self-interest, linked to the expanding early modern state, generated new social formations that would be disruptive to the older social organizations. The chapter underscores the importance of considering state administrative policy as a motor of historical change in early modern provincial society.

Keywords: citadel guards; civil society; early modern state; guildsmen; military cadres; social organizations; soldiers



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