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Introduction

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses a range of social and institutional processes set in motion by war and wartime economic demands in the Syrian city of Aleppo from 1640 until 1700. It examines social and political transformations in the Ottoman Empire by evaluating various stresses on and adaptations by urban institutions. The chapter seeks to understand, how in a period of great challenges to the empire's political order, social and political unity was preserved, and the loyalty of a vast and heterogeneous population ensured. Focusing on the Ottoman Arab city of Aleppo, the chapter discusses three basic social units - the residential quarter, the military garrison, and the professional organization or guild - as they witnessed the regularization of extraordinary taxation and the diffusion of soldiers in provincial society. The chapter presents an overview of how the other chapters of the book are organised.

Keywords: Aleppo; Ottoman Empire; provincial society; residential quarter; urban institutions

10.1163/ej.9789004169074.i-328.8
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004169074.i-328.8
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