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The Ninth Century: Loyalty And Lordship In The Frankish Realm

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Chapter Summary

The ninth century was a time of change and flux in north-western Europe: systems of government and administration were developing along new lines; relationships between king and vassals, and between ruler and Church, were also changing. The ninth century Frankish lands were divided into demesne lands for the use of the lord and tenure land held in return for service or payment. In the Vivian Bible the scenes of the temptation of Eve, Eve picking the fruit and Adam eating it are conflated. The Vivian Bible the most 'typical,' shows the importance of loyalty and justice while the San Paolo Bible shows a new emphasis on sexuality and less on free will, reflecting the marital and political struggles of the 860s. The ninth century Genesis frontispieces give a picture of generic rather than individual sin.

Keywords: Adam; Eve; Frankish lands; lordship



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    'You Shall Surely not Die': The Concepts of Sin and Death as Expressed in the Manuscript Art of Northwestern Europe, c.800-1200 (2 Vols.)  — Recommend this title to your library
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