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Abū Bakr Al-Bāqillānī

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Chapter Summary

Abū Bakr Muhammad ayyib Al-Bāqillānῑ, the first important theologian of the Ashʿarῑ school whose works have survived in quantity. Y. Ibish lists from early sources fifty-five titles of works written by Al-Bāqillānῑ, the great majority on legal and theological matters, and many written against Muslim and other opponents. The refutation of Christianity in the K. al- tamhῑd rewards close analysis. The comparison between the inhering of the Word in Christ without actual contact and the dwelling of God in heaven or inhering in his throne, as the Qurʾan teaches, is also wrong because the dwelling of God in heaven and sitting on his throne does not take the form of inhering, which would be touching Al-Bāqillānῑ shows further knowledge of Gospel texts in discussions about the meaning of some of Jesus’ words.

Keywords: Abū Bakr Muhammad ayyib Al-Bāqillānῑ; Christianity; Gospel texts; Jesus’; K. al- tamhῑd; Muslim; Qurʾan



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