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The Incremental Making of the Ec's Ostpolitik: towards a Policy of Differentiation

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Chapter Summary

The outbreak of the war in Kosovo in March 1999 significantly changed the external context of the enlargement process. The joint European Union (EU)-Romania Parliamentary Commission called upon the EU Member States to take into account the consequences of the Yugoslav crisis for Romania and Bulgaria. For Bulgaria, the opening of negotiations was made conditional upon a con rmation of the significant progress accomplished in the economic reform process and a decision on the closure dates for units 1-4 of the Kozloduy nuclear power plant. In February 2000, i.e. at the time when accession negotiations started with Romania, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria and Malta, the conference of Member States' government representatives was opened. Accordingly, the Helsinki European Council left the option of adding further items to the agenda, which led to the explicit inclusion of enhanced co-operation by the subsequent Feira European Council.

Keywords: Bulgaria; economic reform process; European Union (EU) member states; Kozloduy nuclear power plant; Latvia; Lithuania; Romania



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