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A Struggle for Dominance: from the Northern Crusades to the Russian Empire

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Chapter Summary

In the wake of the March 1940 Finno-Soviet Peace Treaty, the Baltic Foreign Ministers passed a resolution calling for the continuation of the traditional policy of strict neutrality. Two months later, Moscow accused the Baltic States of anti-Soviet conspiracy and disrespect to the terms of their bilateral agreements with the Soviet Union. In June 1949, the Soviet Union issued ultimatums to the Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian governments which led them to agree to the establishment Soviet forces. Pursuant to fresh elections in July, the presence of Red Army troops undermined the democratic credibility of the newly elected parliaments, which applied for membership of the Soviet Union. On 3 and 6 August 1940, the USSR Supreme Soviet formally accepted the Baltic States' requests for incorporation.

Keywords: Estonian government; Latvian government; Lithuanian government; Soviet Union



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