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Drafting the Treaty of Accession

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Chapter Summary

The discussion on the international legal status of the Baltic States reflects the distinction in international law between 'state continuity' and 'state succession'. In Austria, even a referendum was organized to legitimise the incorporation into the German Reich. After the end of the World War, the Allied Powers declared the annexation of the respective countries illegal and confirmed the continuity of the pre-war states. A major difference with the situation of the Baltic States is, of course, the period of foreign occupation. From the outset, supporters of Baltic independence focused on the illegality of the events of 1939-40 and claimed the legal continuity of the pre-war republics. Lithuanian constitutional acts have consistently confirmed state continuity and identity. The controversial issue of citizenship legislation in the Baltic republics is related to the premise of state continuity.

Keywords: Baltic states; international legal status; Lithuanian constitutional acts; state continuity; state succession



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