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The Role of the Baltic States in the Process of European Constitutionalisation

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Chapter Summary

One year after the formal proclamation of the pre-accession strategy, the December 1995 Madrid European Council launched a new step on the road to enlargement. Given the different level of economic and social development among the candidate countries, the question arose whether the ten Central and Eastern Europe Countries (CEECs) could be treated as one group or whether a more individual and differentiated approach would be desirable. The different Baltic visions on how to achieve the objective of accession re ected an internal European Union (EU) debate on the enlargement strategy. On 15 July 1997, the European Commission published its comprehensive response to the requests of the 1995 Madrid European Council under the title 'Agenda 2000'. The recommendation to open accession negotiations with only five CEECs, together with Cyprus (the so-called "five plus one formula"), caused disappointment among the non-selected applicants.

Keywords: Agenda 2000; candidate countries; Central and Eastern Europe Countries (CEECs); enlargement strategy; pre-accession strategy

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