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Chapter Summary

This bibliography contains a list of public archives, reference articles and books, and websites of the book titled Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: 'Ulama' in the Middle East. The entries are arranged in alphabetical order. The primary subject of the book is Sunni ʿulamaʾ (men of knowledge) in the modern Middle East, who acquired their formal religious training and credentials in established madrasas and religious colleges, and were identifiable by their attire of cloaks and turbans. Ideologically, they did not form a monolithic group but harbored diverse intellectual voices, ranging from quite conservative to relatively liberal.

Keywords: madrasas; Sunni ʿulamaʾ



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