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ʿUlamaʾ and political activism in the late Ottoman Empire: The political career of Şeyhülislâm Mustafa Sabri Efendi (1869-1954)

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Chapter Summary

Mustafa Sabri was one of the most noteworthy examples of mid-level ʿulamaʾ who surged to influential positions in the wake of the revolution. Mustafa Sabri Efendi became a prominent public figure in the wake of the revolution thanks to his good reputation among the ʿulamaʾ of the capital. In February 1910, eleven members of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) parliamentary group founded a new opposition party they named the People's Party (Ahali Firkasi). The struggle over Anatolia and the government's policies towards the resistance movement there became the most important topic on the political agenda. Forces organized or backed by the Ottoman government and ordered to march on Ankara were all but annihilated by the end of the summer. In 1931, after he had left Greece and settled in Egypt, Mustafa Sabri shifted to publishing only in Arabic and primarily about religious and theological issues.

Keywords: ʿulamaʾ; Anatolia; Ankara; Committee of Union and Progress (CUP); Mustafa Sabri Efendi; Ottoman Empire



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