Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here


Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This is the introductory chapter of the book, which deals with Sunni ʿulamaʾ (men of knowledge) in the modern Middle East, who acquired their formal religious training and credentials in established madrasas and religious colleges, and were identifiable by their attire of cloaks and turbans (ʿamaʾim). The book seeks as far as is possible to redraw the blurred lines and better delineate the religious scholar within the modern Islamic spectrum. Throughout Muslim history, the ʿulamaʾ served as the gatekeepers of Islamic learning, constituting one of the pillars of the social order in the Muslim lands. The social base of the ʿulamaʾ was diverse, but their religious knowledge enabled them to emerge as a distinctive group possessing legal expertise and control over ceremonies and fatwas, as a means to guide the believer along the right path.

Keywords: fatwas; madrasas; Middle East; Muslim lands; Sunni ʿulamaʾ



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Guardians of Faith in Modern Times: ʿUlamaʾ in the Middle East — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation