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The Evolution Of Portuguese Fisheries In The Medieval And Early Modern Period A Fiscal Approach

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyzes the fisheries sector in Portugal in the medieval and modern periods, using essentially fiscal indicators. There are three reasons for this approach: 1. the legal concept of ownership of the seas and rivers that put the King of Portugal in exclusive possession of them, under which system he received taxes resulting from their exploitation or alienation; 2. the kind of historical papers that document this taxation, which took various forms; 3. the need to reappraise the historiographic interpretation of the evolution of the Portuguese fisheries, patent in the illuminist discourse of the mid-eighteenth century, which holds that the excessive fiscal burden on fishing and fishermen was the cause of an economic crisis in the sector. Firstly, the chapter defines the characteristics specific to Portuguese fishing, and then the tax burdens applied to the catch will be categorized.

Keywords: economic crisis; exploitation; fiscal burden; fishermen; King of Portugal; ownership; Portuguese fisheries; tax burdens

10.1163/ej.9789004169739.i-422.68
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004169739.i-422.68
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