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Roman Law

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Chapter Summary

The Corpus iuris reflects the final result of legal developments in Roman Antiquity and at the same time it is the starting point for medieval legal scholarship from the twelfth century onwards. This chapter focuses on the law of Roman Antiquity. The law of Roman Antiquity covers a period of almost one thousand years, from the Law of the XII Tables in the fifth century before Christ until the days the Corpus iuris was compiled. The chapter mainly deals with Justinianic law. Roman law in its Justinianic form was studied and interpreted by the medieval jurists and eventually it was in its medieval interpretation adopted into the legal practice of indigenous law in many parts of continental Europe. However, some attention is paid to the classical Roman law, which covers roughly the period from the beginning of our era until the end of the third century A.D.

Keywords: continental Europe; Corpus iuris; Justinianic law; legal developments; medieval jurists; medieval legal scholarship; Roman antiquity; Roman law



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