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The Young Garamont: Roman Types Made In Paris In The 1530s

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Chapter Summary

This chapter investigates the early career of Claude Garamont as a designer of the new form of Roman type that appeared in Paris during the 1530s and came to dominate Western typography for the following two centuries. It first discusses the available sources, the actors on the scene, such as Simon de Colines, Maitre Constantin, Antoine Augereau, François Gryphius, and Garamont, and the role of Paris as a centre of type design. The chapter attempts to account for the origins of the Paris types, attributing half of them to named letter engravers. It highlights especially the young Garamont's work and corrects some earlier misattributions. The chapter identifies the anonymous 'Estienne Master' as Maitre Constantin, and describes the typefaces in order of size and date. Two summary tables, arranged respectively by date and punchcutter, conclude the chapter.

Keywords: Antoine Augereau; Claude Garamont; François Gryphius; Maitre Constantin; Paris types; Robert I Estienne; Roman type; Simon de Colines; Western typography



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