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II Nationality In Palestine Under The Ottoman Empire

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Chapter Summary

With the enactment of the Regulations Relative to the Passports Offices in the Empire on 17 July 1869, Ottoman passports were regulated, and started to be systematically issued by a specialized governmental department. Ottoman nationality was well-established in Palestine as the Ottoman Empire was independent and effectively controlling its territory for hundreds of years. Other states recognized the Empires independence, concluded treaties and exchanged diplomatic envoys with it. The Ottoman Nationality Law of 1869 was enacted for political ends, that is, to reduce the influence of the capitulation system. In law, however, nationality was conferred without discrimination on the basis of race or religion. Regardless of its motives, the said Nationality Law was the sole legislative instrument which governed the inhabitants nationality after the separation of Palestine from Turkey. That Ottoman Law continued in operation until 1925, when Britain enacted the Palestinian Citizenship Order.

Keywords: Britain; Ottoman Empire; Ottoman Nationality Law; Ottoman Passport Law; Palestine nationality; Palestinian Citizenship Order; Turkey



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