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XII Conclusion

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Chapter Summary

By the end of the British rule in Palestine, which lasted from December 1917 to May 1948, Palestinian nationality had become well-established in accordance with both domestic law and international law. By the end of the Ottoman Empire, Ottoman nationality had become well-established. It was plainly evident who the Ottoman citizens were based on jus sanguinis or jus soli principles. A distinction was made between citizens and foreigners. At the international level, Palestinian nationality was first created, however de facto, upon the withdrawal of Ottoman forces from Palestine. At the domestic level, Palestinian nationality was first regulated by a legislation enacted by Britain, called Palestinian Citizenship Order. Naturalization in Palestine was precisely designed to confer Palestinian nationality on foreign Jews who immigrated into Palestine throughout the British rule. The Palestine Mandate was the only mandate instrument, amongst all other mandates, whereby nationality was specifically referred to and admitted.

Keywords: Britain; domestic law; international law; mandate instrument; naturalization; Ottoman nationality; Palestine Mandate; Palestinian Citizenship Order; Palestinian nationality



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