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The Sharp Contrasts Of Sumatra

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Chapter Summary

The cultural, economic and religious pattern of Sumatra was, around 1800, much more diverse than that of any of the other greater islands such as Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi or Papua. The Batak homeland, lies between Aceh in the north and the provinces of West Sumatra and Riau in the south, approximately 50,000 square km in extent, or one ninth of the land area of Sumatra. Forbidden to enter the hinterland by both the colonial authorities and the local leadership of the mission, Ludwig Ingwer Nommensen took ship to Barus, where he continued his study of both Malay and Toba Batak. The success experienced in the early decades of the Batak Protestant church also presented elements of challenge. The difficulties faced by Indonesia soon after the proclamation of independence or during the so-called era of physical revolution 1945-1949 also applied to Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (HKBP).

Keywords: Batak homeland; Batak Protestant church; Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (HKBP); Indonesia; Kalimantan; Ludwig Ingwer Nommensen; Sumatra; Toba Batak



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