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Christianity In Javanese Culture And Society

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Chapter Summary

Java is by far the most populous of the islands of Indonesia. The e real beginning of Javanese Christianity started with some local initiatives by Eurasians. In the later decades of the nineteenth and the first decade of the twentieth century Catholics were able to build large institutions in all major cities of Java. Protestants - European or Indonesian - living in the major cities mostly belonged to the Protestant Church in the Dutch East Indies, the Indische Kerk. From the seventeenth century onward the Portuguese-speaking Mardijker community in Batavia had been an important element of the Protestant congregation in that city. The origin of East Javanese Christianity in new and isolated villages like Ngoro and Mojowarno could create communities that were really embedded in Javanese culture and truely Christian, but also, like the Mennonite villages of North-Central Java, quite separated from their environment.

Keywords: Batavia; Catholics; Christianity; Eurasians; Indonesia; Javanese culture; Mennonite; Mojowarno; Protestant Church



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