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Theological Thinking By Indonesian Christians, 1850–2000

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the historical developments in the field of theology, as conceived and put in writing by Indonesian Christians. In general the churches in Eastern Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara and the Moluccas) are older than the ones in Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and South Sulawesi. The chapter starts by mentioning several early areas of encounter between church and culture in which indigenous people, Christians as well as others, have been involved. In 1940 all contact with the Netherlands was broken off due to the German occupation of that country. As a consequence, the mission conferences and churches in Indonesia had abruptly to stand on their own feet. In the Catholic Church lay politicians and a lay intelligentsia kept issues of society, culture change and justice on the church's agenda, although professional theology has been, until very recently, very much a clerical preserve.

Keywords: Catholic Church; Indonesian Christians; Kalimantan; Moluccas; Netherlands; Sumatra



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