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The Arrival Of Protestantism And The Consolidation Of Christianity In The Moluccas 1605–1800

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Chapter Summary

Around 1600 the period of the vibrant spread of Islam and Christianity came almost to an end. In western Indonesia Gayoland, in inland Aceh, accepted Islam about 1700. The largest native Christian community of Ambon got a fair allocation, but in fact much less than the mixed Eurasian community of Batavia. Like the Portuguese, the Dutch had come to the Moluccas for the spices. In 1523, the Portuguese had set up a factory on the island of Neira where the small town of Bandaneira is located, the main settlement of the small archipelago. In the history of Protestantism under VOC rule, it was the church council of Banda that tried as long as possible to preserve its independence over against the local government. When Banda became a Christian society, Ternate had remained the centre of an Islamic state and culture.

Keywords: Ambon; Banda; Batavia; Christianity; Moluccas; Portuguese; Protestantism; Ternate; western Indonesia



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