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1800–2005: A National Overview

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Chapter Summary

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the political and religious situation in Indonesia had undergone significant changes compared with the preceding centuries. As of 31 December 1799, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) was declared bankrupt and its assets were taken over by the Dutch State. At least during the nineteenth century the Protestant Church was just a government agency for the fulfilment of the religious needs of its Protestant subjects. In East Indonesia, especially in the Moluccas, on the instigation of the missionaries indigenous Christians established associations which diffused information and collected money. During the second half of the eighteenth century there had been a rising tide of missionary interest among individual Christians in the Netherlands as well as in other European countries. The Indonesian Christians lived the faith in their own way, which inevitably was quite different from the ways of the western missionary.

Keywords: Dutch East India Company (VOC); indigenous Christians; Indonesia; Moluccas; Netherlands; Protestant Church



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