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Moluccan Christianity In The 19th And 20th Century Between Agama Ambon And Islam

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Chapter Summary

During the nineteenth and twentieth century the Moluccas were no longer the economically very attractive region of the two previous centuries. The close relation of various parts of the Moluccan islands with Dutch colonial authority became more and more expressed in a very strong involvement of the region, especially Christian Ambonese, in the colonial army. This chapter focuses on the organisation of the Protestant Church, its personnel and the education of the faithful. Much of the history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries has to do with the tenacity of traditional Christianity (also labelled Agama Ambon) and the wish for purification and restoration, from the side of expatriate ministers and missionaries. In the island of Seram, the tribal religion was even more evident. Only some coastal villages had accepted Christianity or Islam.

Keywords: Agama Ambon; Christianity; Dutch colonial authority; Islam; Moluccas; Protestant Church; Seram



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